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MSc. Fibre Science and Polymer Technology

TEXT801 Advanced polymer and fibre science :

Modes of classifying polymers and fibres, Natural polymers and fibres, Polysaccharides, Proteins, Natural rubber and gutta percha, Enzymes, Nucleic acids, Polymer chemical structure, Primary structure, Secondary structure, Tertiary structure and Quaternary structure Physical states in polymers, The crystallization process in polymers, Crystallizability of polymers, Phase transitions in polymers, Additives and phase transition temperatures of polymers, Additives in polymer processing.

TEFP802 Polymer/Fibre Processing, Compounding and Additives:

Review of basic processing operations; casting, hand lay-up, filament, pultrusion. Rotational molding. Reaction injection molding, man-made fibre spinning, texturing of continuous filaments compression molding, injection molding, extrusion, calendaring, coating, blown film extrusion, thermoforming, dipping, mixing and compounding, cutting,' and bonding of plastics, cementing, welding, heat sealing, machining, decorating, and finishing, painting coating, colouring, and design, introduction to mathematical modeling and mechanical analysis of processes CAD modeling. Additives in fibre and polymer processing; plasticizers, fillers, reinforcements, and other additives. Polymer blends, interpenetrating networks, sol-gel chemistry.

TEXT806 Identification of Textile Materials:

Physical and chemical methods of identification of fibres, analysis of mixtures of fibres, estimation of damage to fibre materials. Determination of amount of size and filling in textile fabrics. Identification of dyes in fibres.

TEFP813 Commodity, Engineering and Specialty polymers:

Commodity Plastics; polyolefin (PE,PP) vinyl polymers (styrenics, PVC,PMMA, PVAc, PVp, )Thermoplastic polyesters, thermosets. Engineering thermoplastics; polyimides, ABS, polycarbonates, modified poly (phenylene oxide), acetals, polysulphones, poly (phenylene sulphide), engineering polyesters, fluoro polymers. Specialty polymers; polyimdes, and related polymers, ionic polymers, polyarylether ketone, specialty polyolefins inorganic polymers, liquid crystal polymers, conductive polymers, higher performance fibres etc. Applications in membranes; separations, , biomedical applications; artificial organs, controlled drug delivery in hemodialysis and hemofiltration.

TEXT816 Polymers, Fibres and Composites:

Properties of Polymer/Fibre Molecules, Thermoplastics & Addictives, Thermosets , Plastics Processing Technology; injection molding, extrusion, product & Mould Design Technology, Advanced Materials Technology, classification of composites, production and characterization of composites.

TEXT819 Physical and Mechanical Properties of Textile Materials:

Tensile, tortional and shear properties of fibres, yarns, fabrics and fibre assemblies. Abrasion, tearing strength, thermal properties. Optical properties of fibres and polymers with special reference to birefringence. Methods of characterizing crystallinity. Measurement and evaluation of electrical properties of fibres and polymers.

TEXT823 Management and Entrepreneurship:

Analytical methods (decision-making) forecasting, linear programming, waiting-line models, simulation models, network planning), production planning (product and process design, plant location and layout), production control (maintenance, inventory control, quality control), selected special topics

TEXT824 ICT and Research Methodology:

The use of search engines for literature and documentation, spread sheet and Microsoft word software for the writing of projects and thesis. Explanation of ABU Postgraduate school guidelines for the writing of thesis and dissertation, referencing methods, APA, Oxford and Harvard styles, introduction to statistical packages and presentation of research report

TECT802: Physical Chemistry of Dye Adsorption:

The forces responsible for substrate/dye adsorption, the electrical properties of surfaces, adsorption isotherms. Application of classical thermodynamics to dye absorption phenomena, e.g. ion exchange systems, the kinetics of absorption processes, dyeing systems, covalent bonding between dyes and substrates.

TECT803: Coloration Technology:

Classification of colorants according to methods of application. Fundamental of coloration behavior in relation to practical coloration methods, cellulosic dyes, nylon - acid dyes, acrylic fibres - basic dyes, energy requirements in coloration processes, printing and leather coloration.

PAINTS: - :

The functions of painted surfaces, paint formulations (solvent and water-base) and stabilization of additives, recent developments in paint technology (e.g. uv curing).

INKS: -:

The more important printing processes, development in technological aspects and also in ink formulations. Ink vehicles, the importance of the nature of the substrate in any printing operation, industrial significance of printing and printed materials (e.g. packaging, newsprint etc.)

COLOUR AND COSMETICS: -:

Coloring matters and coloration processes of importance for cosmetic application, skin coloration, nail, lacquers and varnishes and hair coloration, health factors of each area of colour application.

FOOD COLOURS: -:

Natural and synthetic colorants, the colour needs of the food industry. Certified colour additives, current regulation of the F.D.A. regarding colours used in food processing.

TECT805: Basic Polymer/Fibre Science and Technology:

Introduction to polymers, Classification based on application (plastic, rubber, fibre, foam, adhesive, paint and composites) Synthesis of Polymers: Chain growth polymerization reactions (free radical and ionic), step growth polymerization reactions, polymerization techniques. Copolymerization, alternating, random, graft and block copolymers. Molecular weight, Bulk properties of polymers; Introduction to fibre science, Natural fibres, fibres derived from natural polymers, Regenerated and synthetic fibres, Amorphous state, Crystalline state, thermal transitions and properties. Mechanical properties.

TECT809 Quality Control:

Importance of quality control, control in physical and wet processing. The role of standards in quality audit, frame work, types of control, statistical method for solving control problems, quality control charts. Text methods in the assessment and quality control in paints industry, quality control of the chemically processed textile materials. Assessment of the colorfastness. Health regulations in food and drugs colorants.

TECT814 Financial Management:

Financial planning and control (balance sheet, profit and loss account, ratio analysis, profit planning, financial forecasting, (budgeting), management of working capital (working capital, sources and forms of short-term financing), capital structure (sources and forms of long-term financing, financial structure and leverage, investment decision (the interest factor, cost of capital, capital budgeting decision).

TEFP821 Rubber Technology and Polymer Testing:

Rubber Technology; Classification of elastomers, properties of elastomers, latex and latex Products. Dry Rubber Technology: mastication, mixing, compounding, vulcanization; tests for rubber vulcanizates (tensile, tear, fatigue to failure, hardness, swelling, rebound resilience, abrasion ageing, compression set) Rubber goods. Synthetic rubbers manufacture and applications. Polymer Testing; Standards and standard organizations, testing of plastics (tensile, flexural, impact, hardness, shear, DMA)

TEFP823 Mechanical and rheological properties of fibre-forming materials Credit 3:

Rheological and mechanical properties of polymers:- introduction to rheology, Newton's and Hook's laws, rheological response of materials, the ideal fluids, time dependent fluids, power law models, viscose flow, relationship between stress and strain, viscoelasticity, mechanical models: Maxwell and Voigt Boltzmann’s superposition principles. Kinetic theory of rubber elasticity. The glassy state and glass transition, dynamic mechanical testing, relaxation spectrum, frequency dependent visco-elastic behavior, stress/strain behavior of elastomers, the mechanical properties of crystalline polymers. Flow behavior of polymeric materials as related to the formation of fibres by melt, dry and wet Extrusion. Elementary theories of drawing and heat setting. Application of fibre-forming theories to synthetic and cellulosic fibres.

TEFP825 Synthesis and characteristics of fibre-forming polymers Credit 3

Formation and properties of fibre-forming polymers. Step-growth and chain-growth polymerization. Survey of formation techniques for man-made fibres. Relationships between chemical structure and physical properties of natural and man-made fibres. Thermodynamics, morphological, characteristics and properties of multiphase polymer systems composed of homopolymers or copolymers. Interfacial characteristics and modification of multicomponent polymer blends through emulsification and reactive blending. Measurement and uses of specific chemical interactions to control phase equilibria. Macrophage ordering in block copolymers, and emerging technologies employing these
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Faculty of Science
Main Campus Ahmadu Bello University
Zaria - Nigeria
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+2347036890546
science@abu.edu.ng

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